Authoritative institutions’ findings tell us that, from 1980 onward, poverty has decreased: in last 20 years, only in sub-Saharan area, poverty has decreased by 5 percentage points.
But we must admit that percentages and averages often are not very reliable: if we analyse figures using absolute parameters, the result is different. According to UNHCR (UN High Commissioner for Refugees) last analysis, in the world there are 767 million people – especially young adults – who live with less than 2 $ a day.
In sub-Saharan Africa, people who are below poverty line are about 400 million, and this has been the actual situation for years and today we can find 50% of people considered below poverty line by UNHCR in sub-Saharan Africa.
Africa, especially the sub-Saharan area, has a very high poverty rate – about 60% – and a human development index which is one of the lowest in the world: there are some efforts for improvement, but they are slowed down by continuous and unstoppable population’s growth.